CLAT- Common Law Admission Test for NLUs

The Common Law Admission Test, commonly referred to as 'CLAT', is the main exam for admission in 22 National Law Universities. The exam is conducted on a rotational basis by the National Law Universities (NLUs). However, from 2019 onwards, the exam is being organised by the Consortium of National Law Universities.
Law and legal services are among the most honourable and revered professions as the legal representatives' requirements in society are sought after. The first and foremost step to get into the shoes of legal personnel is to get educated in the law. For seeking admission in the best of law colleges in India, more than 60,000 students appeared for the CLAT in 2019, a number that goes on increasing every year.
Law aspirants look forward to getting the top ranks to get admissions to India's best law institutions. Candidates work hard to get admission in the top National Law Universities such as National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bengaluru, NALSAR University of Law (NALSAR), Hyderabad, National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal and many others.
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Why CLAT?
Avenues to a prosperous and challenging career are ascertained for the law graduates of National Law Universities. Since CLAT is the gateway to NLUs, except NLU Delhi, which conducts AILET, acquiring legal education is a prudent choice for a bright career.
Law firms handpick and hire fresh and knowledgeable law graduates from NLUs and best law colleges at a whooping package ranging from Rs. 8 lakh to Rs. 15 lakh per annum.
Besides working for famous law firms, law pass-outs can also choose to work with established advocates to get paid between Rs. 3 lakh to Rs. 5 lakh. The objective of such new lawyers working under the established ones is to learn the legal profession's stratagems and tactics.
Apart from private practice and joining a legal firm, new lawyers from NLUs and SLSs can venture into the legal arenas such as Environmental Law, Intellectual Property Rights, Arbitration, Taxation and Competition Law. Now candidates are no longer restricting themselves to traditional areas of civil or criminal sides.
Teaching as a lecturer or a professor in law colleges is another profession that a law graduate can go for. The teaching profession does not demand any prior experience as legal personnel. There is respect, socialisation, enthusiasm, and contented earning. Therefore, choosing law education from the colleges considering CLAT as their admission criterion, you not only earn honourable degrees, but you also enter a respectable, lucrative, and challenging profession that is full of excitement and enthusiasm at the same time.
Therefore choosing law education from the colleges considering the CLAT, you not only earn honourable degrees, but you also enter a respectable, lucrative, and challenging profession that is full of excitement and enthusiasm at the same time.
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What are CLAT eligibility criteria?
CLAT 2022: Eligibility for Undergraduate Programs
A candidate should have passed 10+2 or any equivalent exam with the following percentage:-
  • 45% marks for candidates belonging to the General/OBC/Specially-abled Persons (SAP) category.
  • 40% marks for the candidates belonging to the SC/ST category.
  • Any candidate who is appearing in the qualifying examination, i.e., 10+2, can also appear for this examination. However, they should be able to produce sufficient evidence to prove that they have passed 10+2 at the time of admission.
CLAT 2022: Eligibility for Postgraduate Programs
  • LL.B. or equivalent degree in law examination with a minimum of 55% marks in General/OBC/SAP categories and 50% marks in case of SC/ST category.
  • Candidates appearing in the qualifying examination in March 2022 will also be eligible for appearing in the CLAT 2022 examination. However, they will be required to produce evidence of their having passed the qualifying examination at the allotted National Law Universities at the time of admission.
Earlier the age criteria for appearing in CLAT were:
  1. Twenty (20) years of age as of 1st July 2022 for candidates belonging to unreserved categories.
  2. Twenty-two (22) years of age as of 1st July 2022 for candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC/Specially-abled Persons/Persons with disabilities (SAP/PWD) categories.
CLAT 2022 Core Committee will be continuing with the same age limit till the Honourable Supreme Court of India reviews the same.
However, as per the revised standards, there will be no upper age limit for UG Program in CLAT 2022.
CLAT Exam Pattern
CLAT is designed to test the aspirants' knowledge of English, Logical Reasoning, General Knowledge and Mathematics and all the essential parameters of the students, such as knowledge, speed, accuracy, comprehending abilities, and interpretational skills. Every skill required to become a successful lawyer gets tested in CLAT. To ace CLAT, an aspirant must have an in-depth understanding of the CLAT exam pattern to devise a strong strategy for the exam and to be able to attempt all five sections with proficiency and expertise.
The following analysis would give you a clear picture of the CLAT paper pattern and help in your preparation:-
Nomenclature
Sections
Number of Sections
5
Sections
English including comprehension, General Knowledge and Current Affairs, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, Quantitative Techniques
Total no. of questions
150
Marks per question
1
Exam Duration
2 hours (120 minutes)
Negative Marking
Yes (0.25 deducted for a wrong answer)
Mode of Examination
Offline
CLAT is divided into 5 sections of different weightage. The test conducted is for2 hours with no sectional time limit. The table mentioned below will explain section wise question and marks distribution –
Subjects
Questions(approx.)
Marks Distribution (approx.)
English including Comprehension
28-32
28-32
General Knowledge and Current Affairs
35-39
35-39
Legal Reasoning
35-39
35-39
Logical Reasoning
28-32
28-32
Quantitative Techniques
13-17
13-17
Total
150
150
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Each candidate needs to be thorough with the CLAT paper pattern to ace the exam. It will help them strategise their study plan and practise tips and tricks to attempt the exam in the stipulated time.
Post the written exam, the applicants are screened based on their CLAT score and called for the counselling round by the institutes they indicated in their choice in the online form. Through this counselling process, candidates can secure admission in UG and PG programmes offered by different National Law Universities. A total of 4 merit lists are released. Aspirants who do not make it to the first merit list have to wait for the second merit list and so forth.
Admissions to the coveted National Law Universities in India are based on CLAT score only. Therefore, you need to clear the cut-offs to get into your dream institute. So, it is essential to score well in each section of the test.
Hoping that the given information on CLAT, its scope after completing a law degree, and details for the selection to NLUs, help CLAT aspirants and other candidates seeking information about CLAT. Wishing a happy preparation journey to CLAT and law entrance exam aspirants!
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FAQs related to CLAT
Who will conduct CLAT 2022?
The Consortium of NLUs is responsible for the CLAT 2022 exam administration. Earlier, NLUs used to conduct CLAT on a rotational basis.
When will CLAT 2022 be conducted?
CLAT 2022 will be announced after the release of the admission notification. Consortium has announced the exam date in the recent notification release.
How many NLUs participate in CLAT?
There are 23 NLUs in India, out of which 22 NLUs participating in CLAT. NLU Delhi conducts its respective entrance exam for admissions to Law programs and is not a part of the consortium.
Will NLU Delhi accept CLAT?
No, NLU Delhi will not accept the CLAT score, as they conduct AILET for admissions to the 5-year Integrated Law Programs.
What is the CLAT 2022 Marking scheme?
In CLAT, 1 mark is awarded for every correct answer, and 0.25 is deducted for every wrong answer.
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