Strategy to Crack Logical Reasoning Section

Strategy to Crack Logical Reasoning Section

The Common Law Admission Test, CLAT is a computer based objective type test conducted every year since 2008. It is the gateway for admissions to various undergraduate and post-graduate courses in law in 18 prominent National Law Universities (NLUs) of India.
Of the 200 questions asked in CLAT, logical reasoning section constitutes 20% or 40 questions which test the candidate's ability to identify patterns, logical links and rectify illogical arguments. This section includes a variety of questions such as:
  • Syllogisms
  • Logical sequences
  • Number Test
  • Coding-Decoding
  • Verbal Reasoning: FIJ
  • Logical Reasoning: Statement Assumptions/ Conclusions/ Arguments/Actions
  • Blood Relations
  • Directions
  • Ranking
  • Arrangements
  • Calendar, etc.
Why is Logical Reasoning section important for CLAT?
Among all the 5 sections of CLAT, this section is considered relatively difficult. However, it can be easily mastered with dedicated practice. Also the number of questions, you encounter from this section in CLAT is high; therefore, you cannot afford to ignore this section. If your concepts are clear, this section can help you boost your overall CLAT score.
We have come up with some suggestions and tips for a concrete preparation strategy to help you score well in this section of CLAT:
1. Know your Basics well:
Reasoning questions from areas like coding, directions, blood relations, syllogisms, etc. can be easily solved if you know the basics of these topics and identify the correct pattern. Although this section is considered as relatively tough, you can easily solve 33-37 questions from this section, once you are thorough with a clear understanding of concepts. Let us look at a few questions that were asked in previous years' CLAT:
Read the following information carefully and choose the most appropriate option:
In a joint family, A, B, C, D, E, and F are the members. B is the son of C. A and C are husband and wife. C is not the mother of B. E is the brother of C. D is the daughter of A and F is the brother of B.
Q. Who is the mother of B?
1. A
2. F
3. E
4. D
Q. Which of the following is a pair of females in the family?
1. AD
2. AE
3. BD
4. DF
Soln: 
So A is the mother of B and AD is a pair of females in the family.
Read the following information carefully and choose the most appropriate option:
A and B are good in driving bus and car. C and A are good in driving car and scooter. C, D and E are good in driving scooter and tractor. E and C are good in driving scooter and auto- rickshaw. D and B are good in driving bus and tractor.
 
Q. Who is good in driving tractor, scooter, car and auto-rickshaw but not bus?
1. D                                        2. C                                         3. A                                        4. B
Soln:      A and B are good in driving bus and car.
                C and A are good in driving car and scooter.
                C, D and E are good in driving scooter and tractor.
                E and C are good in driving scooter and auto- rickshaw.
                D and B are good in driving bus and tractor.
By analyzing above data, we get C who is good in driving tractor, scooter, car and auto-rickshaw but not bus. Hence answer is 2nd option.
 
Q.           Who is good in driving scooter, tractor and bus?
                1. C                                         2. A                                        3. B                                         4. D
Soln:      A and B are good in driving bus and car.
                C and A are good in driving car and scooter.
                C, D and E are good in driving scooter and tractor.
                E and C are good in driving scooter and auto- rickshaw.
                D and B are good in driving bus and tractor.
By analyzing above data, we get D who is good in driving scooter, tractor and bus. So answer is 4th option.
 
2. Sufficient practice:
The real challenge lies in solving questions in a time efficient manner. Knowledge of fundamentals or basics alone is not enough unless sufficient practice of all question types is done.
3. Plan of action:
You should follow a well-organized action plan. Specific time has to be devoted exclusively for this section. You must reserve at least 45-60 minutes daily to focus your attention on this section and identify your areas of strength and weakness. This will solidify your preparation and will benefit you immensely on the CLAT exam day.
 
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