The diverse array of options that a law degree opens can be pursued as per one’s interests and inclinations. It can be a gateway to not only money and success but also to power and respect. The stream of law one decides to focus on goes a long way in determining the nature of work they’d end up doing and to an extent, also the amount of money they’d earn. So it is essential to know the scope of a law degree to realistically gauge your abilities and goals against the specialisation you want to pursue.
- Civil Law
This subject deals with significant areas of litigation including damage suits, guardian disputes, deeds, wills, individual rights and conflicts etc. This specialisation has an excellent scope for private practice, although it also offers good job opportunities with government and private bodies.
- Criminal Law
A roller coaster ride, it involves interacting and interrogating the accused, witnesses, working around forensic reports, post-mortem reports, crime scenes etc. One might opt for private practice or work as a public prosecutor. Criminal law pays well but is not for everyone.
- Constitutional Law
Lawyers who deal with constitutional cases, i.e. cases in which interpretation and application of statutes and official acts of government and questioning them for infringing on individual rights vested by the constitution. All laws and all actions of public officials and institutions are presumed to be constitutional.
- Administrative Law
An administrative lawyer deals with issues regarding decisions or regulations of local, state or central government agencies. If a person feels that such an agency has passed regulations which affect their business negatively or if they think that a personal wrong had been done to them, an administrative attorney is the one to turn to.
- Human Rights Law
Human rights lawyers investigate and defend people involved in cases such as those that include torture and abuse. Human rights lawyers often spend many hours examining a case; studying domestic and international human right laws; and interviewing clients and witnesses.
- Family Law
Issues relating to the family like divorce or annulment, child custody and visitation rights, child support payments, and spousal support/alimony, adoption, guardianship, state child protection, and domestic violence etc. are included under family law.
Specialisation in tax and banking law is becoming increasingly popularis as banking, finance and corporate companies are hiring specialists to deal with their finance and tax matters.
- Corporate Law
Corporate Law is currently one of the most sought-after specialisations in India that offer opportunities to work or consult for corporate giants regarding the legality of various transactions, framing and evaluating contracts, ordinances, assessing corporate privileges and more
- International Business Law
This specialisation also has a good career-scope in the private sector, corporate houses nationally and international opportunities as well. It deals with laws related to international business and trade, including international trade, tax, arbitration, competition law, contracts and more.
- Labour Law
Labour laws mediate the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions and the government. Lawyers specialising in this field might deal disputes arising out of protection scope of employees, employment contracts, wage regulation, pension, insurance, benefits, health and safety etc
- Real Estate Law
With realty business in a boom, the demand for real estate lawyers is high. Dealings of such lawyers include, but are not limited to sale deeds, property mortgage and lease issues, property titles and property conveyance. You may set up your practice or work for a real estate company, either on their payroll or as a legal adviser.
- Intellectual property /Patent Law
This area of specialisation is gaining popularity more so with globalisation winds making their way through this sector. Companies and brands are putting in their efforts to protect their products using the patent and intellectual property rights law. This law deals into trademarks, copyrights and more.
So, as stated before, law is one of the most diverse and fastest growing professions in India. It offers opportunities to fulfil different roles according to their aspirations and goals. The possibilities of growth are endless, and with the right mentorship, intelligent effort and a constant drive to learn, nothing can stop one short of making it in the legal profession.